©2019 Dan Harder

The Problem of Induction

Updated: Mar 11, 2019

If it weren’t for

How many

rare

examples—

black swans (those

relevant

inconvenient

and supporting—

exceptions),

do I need to see before

I’d be able to say

I can be

for sure

sure

(and not just get close to being

what I say “is”

sure) that the swan is

really is

—as a species—

what I say it is?

necessarily white.